A traumatic case in Mammuthus trogontherii chosaricus Dubrovo (1966) /A. V. Shpansky, L. S. Sapunova, A. V. Pilyukova

Shpansky, Andrey V.
Электронный ресурс
Другой Автор
Sapunova, L. S.
Pilyukova, Antonina V.
Источник
Quaternary international 2015 Vol. 379. P. 82-88
Аннотация
This paper describes a unique case of fusion in several bones of Mammuthus trogontherii chosaricus pes from the southeast West Siberian Plain. The fusion affected the distal ends of tibia and fibula, calcaneus and astragalus. The fusion was caused by trauma, probably by dislocation with displacement of the calcaneus and astragalus and tearing of soft tissues. As a result, a deep ankylosis caused the morphological changes of the tibia's diaphysis and distal end. X-ray study showed subtotal ossification of ankle and calcaneal-talar joints, lacking joint fissures. Signs of bone fracture healing are not apparent. The animal was injured at a young age (12e15 years). Sizes of the bones and the level of ankylosis showed that the animal died at the age of 35e40, and its death was not caused by this particular pathology.
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$a This paper describes a unique case of fusion in several bones of Mammuthus trogontherii chosaricus pes from the southeast West Siberian Plain. The fusion affected the distal ends of tibia and fibula, calcaneus and astragalus. The fusion was caused by trauma, probably by dislocation with displacement of the calcaneus and astragalus and tearing of soft tissues. As a result, a deep ankylosis caused the morphological changes of the tibia's diaphysis and distal end. X-ray study showed subtotal ossification of ankle and calcaneal-talar joints, lacking joint fissures. Signs of bone fracture healing are not apparent. The animal was injured at a young age (12e15 years). Sizes of the bones and the level of ankylosis showed that the animal died at the age of 35e40, and its death was not caused by this particular pathology.
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$a Томский государственный университет $b Институт биологии, экологии, почвоведения, сельского и лесного хозяйства (Биологический институт) $b Научные подразделения БИ
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статьи в журналах
Резюме
This paper describes a unique case of fusion in several bones of Mammuthus trogontherii chosaricus pes from the southeast West Siberian Plain. The fusion affected the distal ends of tibia and fibula, calcaneus and astragalus. The fusion was caused by trauma, probably by dislocation with displacement of the calcaneus and astragalus and tearing of soft tissues. As a result, a deep ankylosis caused the morphological changes of the tibia's diaphysis and distal end. X-ray study showed subtotal ossification of ankle and calcaneal-talar joints, lacking joint fissures. Signs of bone fracture healing are not apparent. The animal was injured at a young age (12e15 years). Sizes of the bones and the level of ankylosis showed that the animal died at the age of 35e40, and its death was not caused by this particular pathology.